Cyber law recognized as “interconnected computer law” is the area of law that regulates how people use the connected computer/ internet. Answering the question of ‘what is cyber laws?’ simply, there are cyber laws that are criminal laws and there are cyber laws that are civil cyber laws. Any law or regulation that involves how people use computers, smart digital devices, the internet, and other related technology is called cyber law. Cyber law is also called digital law. As information technology changes, the laws that govern electronic communication are changed, too. Cyber law comprises all of the methods that people use modern technology to interact and communicate.
Cyber Law Incorporates Different Laws
The Cyberlaws associate a variety of purposes. Various laws protect people from becoming the victims of crime through immoral activities on the internet. Other laws create rules for how individuals and companies may use computers and the internet. These laws refuge a wide range of topics and activities, but they all fall under the wide classification of cyber law. The major areas of cyber law include:
Many people use the internet to express their minds. When people use the internet to say things that are fallacious, it can cross the line into defamation. Defamation laws are civil laws that protect individuals from untrue public statements that can injure a business or someone’s personal reputation. Defamation law is cyber law when people use the internet to make statements that violate civil laws.
Harassment and Stalking
Sometimes online statements can violate criminal laws that proscribe harassment and stalking. When a person makes repeated or threatening statements about someone else online, they may violate both civil and criminal laws. Cyber law both prosecute and defend people when stalking occurs using the internet and other forms of electronic communication.
The internet has made copyright violations simpler. The early days of online communication made copyright violations as easy as clicking a button on a file-sharing website. Both individuals and companies need lawyers to bring actions to enforce copyright protections. Copyright infringement is an area of cyber law that defends the rights of individuals and companies to profit from their creative works.
Customers rely on cyber laws to protect them from online fraud. Laws come to avoid identity theft, credit card theft, and other financial crimes that happen online. A person who commits identity theft may face federal or state criminal charges. They might also face a civil action brought by a victim. Cyber lawyers work to both impeach and defend against accusations of fraud using the internet.
Freedom of Speech
A significant area of cyber law is freedom of speech. Even though cyber laws forbid certain behaviors online, freedom of speech laws also allow people to speak their minds. Cyber lawyers must advise their clients on the limits of free speech containing laws that prohibit obscenity and hate speech. In addition, cyber lawyers may defend their clients when there’s a debate about whether their actions constitute allowable free speech.
Corporations that do business online often rely on cyber law to protect their trade secrets. For example, Google and other online search engines spend a great deal of time developing the algorithms that produce search results. They also employ a great deal of time developing other features like maps, intelligent assistance, and flight search services to name a few. Cyber lawyers help their clients take legal action as necessary in order to protect their trade secrets.
Contracts and Employment Law
Every time you click a button that says you agree to the terms and conditions of using a website, in fact, you’ve used cyber law. Contracts protect individuals and corporations as they use technology and do business online. For instance, non-compete clauses in employment contracts used to impact only a small, local geographic area. As more businesses move online, the way lawyers draft these agreements and the way that courts enforce them may change. Lawyers must work to represent the best interests of their clients in areas of law that may still be unsettled.
Domain Name Disputes
Another area of cyber law may be domain disputes. When parties disagree about who owns or who should own a website, cyber lawyers may step in. Civil litigation may involve looking for monetary damages or an injunction to thwart online behavior by another party.
Future Trends and issues
Lawmakers and business leaders continue to deliberate and discuss how individuals and corporations should be allowed to use the internet. For example, net neutrality is a subject of ongoing public debate. Cyber attorneys may advocate for their clients by imminent lawmakers to explain their position and ask for laws that work in their favor. Other cyber lawyers may represent public interest groups. Cyber lawyers are part of the ongoing discussion about what the laws should be in this area of law.
Challenges in Cyber Law
Cyber law frequently presents jurisdictional challenges. Jurisdiction is the question of what court has the power to hear the case. Where a person makes a statement in one jurisdiction and a person reads or hears it in another, it generates a question of where to bring litigation. When crimes occur, it may be hard to even figure out where a perpetrator committed a crime. There may even be difficulties working between states or countries to bring litigation. Cyber lawyers must steer all of these challenges to effectively pursue their case on behalf of the public or the client.