Cyber crime is any offense that comprises the use of a computer and computer network. The computer involved might have been the source of the crime or the target. Cyber crimes might target a nation’s security or financial well-being. Globally, both government and non-government-connected individuals conduct cybercrime including espionage and final theft cross-borders.
Cyber crime is a criminal activity done using computers and the Internet.
Cyber crime also called computer crime, the use of a computer as an instrument to further illegal ends, such as committing fraud, trafficking in child pornography and intellectual property, stealing identities, or violating privacy.
S J Tubrazy Defines
Cyber crime is criminal action of commission or omission with intent to harm targeting humans or machines using any telecommunication device via the internet online or offline.
Cybercrime refers to an action amounting to a crime that involves a computer and a connected network. The computer may have been involved in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target. Such crimes call internet crimes and maybe threaten a nation’s social security and financial strength. The nature of these crimes has become conspicuous, particularly those contiguous hacking, phishing, credit card frauds, online bank robbery, illegal downloading, online industrial espionage, cracking, online copyright infringement, violation of privacy, child pornography, and cyber terrorism, and so on. There are also issues of privacy when private information is lost or intercepted, lawfully or else.
State or non-state actors all over the world are involved in violation of laws dealing with cyberspace like including breach of online personal privacy, criminal online interception and online espionage, online financial theft, and other trans-border cybercrimes. Committing cybercrime by a nation-state against another nation-state is occasionally referred to as cyber warfare.
Using computers as cybercrime tools and target
In fact, these are the conventional crimes that have existed earlier for spans of time offline. Fraud, scams, theft, and the likes have existed even before the growth in high-tech tools. The same criminal has simply been given an advanced instrument that raises his potential inlet of victims and makes him all the harder to trace and catch. These are a new index of crimes, has been in life for only as long as computer systems have, which asserts how non- intelligible and unpremeditated social infrastructure would fight these crimes. There are numerous crimes of this type committed in cyberspace daily.
Cyber Financial Crimes
In cyberspace, world criminals go forward to stealing and robbing. They steal bank’s details and siphon off money; misuse the credit card to make numerous purchases online; run a scam to get naïve people to part with their hard-earned money; use malicious software to gain access to an organization’s website or disrupt the systems of the organization. The malicious software can also damage software and hardware, just like vandals damaged property in the offline world. Surprisingly according to a survey, more than 40% of the financial sector said they had been victims of cyber-crime, compared with only 19 % in other industries.
Indecent online material
The all over the world impliedly agreed to have definite restraints of hosting and publishing explicit content on websites without violating the norms of free speech and healthy research propensity. In most instances publishing and exchange of explicit communications online considered illegal.
Various countries have placed restrictions on certain speech and ban racist, blasphemous, politically subversive, libelous or slanderous, seditious, or provocative material that tends to inflame hate crimes committing online. Child soliciting and Abuse is also a type of cybercrime wherein criminals solicit minors via chat rooms for the purpose of child pornography. The FBI has been spending a lot of time monitoring chat rooms frequented by children with the hopes of reducing and preventing child abuse and soliciting.